Wednesday, December 15, 2010
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 NEW DELHI 003228
DEPARTMENT FOR SCA/INS
EO 12958 DECL: 12/22/2018
TAGS PGOV, PREL, PTER, KISL, IN
SUBJECT: CONGRESS PARTY STUNG PLAYING RELIGIOUS POLITICS
REF: MUMBAI 518
Classified By: PolCouns Ted Osius for Reasons 1.4 (B, D)
Â¶1. (C) Summary: On the floor of parliament, Indian Home Minister P. Chidambaram officially dismissed comments made by the Minority Affairs Minister A.R. Antulay that implied Hindutva elements may have been involved in the Mumbai attacks. Antulay sparked a political controversy on December 17 with comments insinuating that the killing of Maharashtra Anti-Terror Squad (ATS) Chief Hemant Karkare by the Mumbai terrorists was somehow linked to Karkareâ€™s investigation of bombings in which radical Hindus are suspected (reftel). The outlandish comments suggested that somehow Hindutva elements were in league with the Mumbai attackers, or used the attacks as cover to kill Karkare. The opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) immediately called for Antulayâ€™s resignation and protested with boisterous walkouts in parliament over the course of five days. Compounding matters, the Congress Party, after first distancing itself from the comments, two days later issued a contradictory statement which implicitly endorsed the conspiracy. During this time, Antulayâ€™s completely unsubstantiated claims gained support in the conspiracy-minded Indian-Muslim community. Hoping to foster that support for upcoming national elections, the Congress Party cynically pulled back from its original dismissal and lent credence to the conspiracy. Regardless of Chidambaramâ€™s dismissal (and Antulayâ€™s party-ordered retraction), the Indian Muslim community will continue to believe they are unfairly targeted by law enforcement and that those who investigate the truth are silenced. The entire episode demonstrates that the Congress Party will readily stoop to the old caste/religious-based politics if it feels it is in its interest. End Summary.
Killed in Mumbai Attacks, Karkare Led Investigation into â€œHindu Terrorâ€
Â¶2. (U) Indian Minorities Affairs Minister A.R. Antulayâ€™s sparked controversy on December 17 with comments insinuating that the killing of Maharashtra Anti-Terror Squad (ATS) Chief Hemant Karkare by the Mumbai terrorists was somehow linked to Karkareâ€™s investigation of â€œHindu terrorists.â€ Two of the Mumbai terrorists gunned down Karkare, and his ATS colleagues Additional Commissioner of Police Ashok Kamte and Inspector Vijay Salaskar the first night of attacks, November 26. The three officers were killed as they reached a hospital the terrorists entered after attacking the Mumbai train station.
Â¶3. (U) As Maharashtra ATS Chief, Karkare led the investigation into the September 2008 Malegaon blasts which claimed the lives of six people. Initially the police suspected Muslim terrorists. However, authorities recently arrested eleven Hindus, including an Indian Army Lieutenant Colonel. Police identified five of those arrested as having ties to the BJPâ€™s youth wing in their earlier years. Two others had ties to a recent addition to the Sangh Parivar family of Hindu nationalist organizations.
Â¶4. (U) On December 17, even as a solemn debate on the Mumbai attacks and counterterrorism was taking place in parliament, Antulay made a series of public comments drawing attention to a possible link between Karkareâ€™s killing and his investigation. He offered no evidence to back-up his claims.
-- â€œSuperficially speaking they had no reason to kill Karkare. Whether he was a victim of terrorism or terrorism plus something, I do not know.â€
-- â€œKarkare found that there are non Muslims involved in the
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acts of terrorism during his investigations in some cases. Any person going to the roots of terrorism has always been the target.â€
-- â€œUnfortunately his end came. It may be a separate inquiry how his end came.â€
-- â€œThere is more than what meets the eyes.â€
Congress Party Dismisses...
Â¶5. (U) Most Congress Party leaders quickly disassociated the Party from Atulayâ€™s comments. Congress Party spokesman Abishek Singhvi told the press, â€œWe do not accept the innuendo and the aspersions cast. This should be the end of the matter. The Congress does not agree with Antulayâ€™s statement.â€ Another Congress Party spokesman, Manish Tiwari, followed the next day with, â€œThe Congress in any manner does not endorse Antulayâ€™s views.â€ Just as quickly BJP leaders called for Antulay to resign or be sacked.
Â¶6. (U) However, on December 21 senior Congress leader Digvijay Singh told the media, â€œI donâ€™t think Antulay made a mistake. What he asked for is a probe. What is objectionable in his statement?â€ Two days earlier the Congress-led government of Maharashtra rejected a demand for an inquiry into Karkareâ€™s death. The opposition BJP took exception to both the substance of Antulayâ€™s comments and the Congress Partyâ€™s inconsistent response. Shouting slogans, the BJP staged a walkout in the parliament three days in a row and demanded a formal clarification from the government. Emboldened by the equivocation, Antulay refused to apologize or retract his statements and said they reflected the views of a large segment of the Muslim population.
...And Finally Dismisses
Â¶7. (U) After taking flack for nearly a week, the Congress Party finally gave its official view when Home Minister Chidambaram stated in parliament, â€œThere is no truth whatsoever in the suspicion that there was conspiracy.â€ Chidambaram called Antulayâ€™s comments â€œregrettable.â€ Shortly thereafter Antulay backed down and told the press, â€œFor me the matter is settled.â€ He ruled out his resignation.
Congress Party Plays Cynical Politics
Â¶8. (C) Comment: While the killing of three high level law enforcement officers during the Mumbai attacks is a remarkable coincidence, the Congress Partyâ€™s initial reaction to Antulayâ€™s outrageous comments was correct. But as support seemed to swell among Muslims for Antulayâ€™s unsubstantiated claims, crass political opportunism swayed the thinking of some Congress Party leaders. Whatâ€™s more, the party made the cynical political calculation to lend credence to the conspiracy even after its recent emboldening state elections victories. The party chose to pander to Muslimsâ€™ fears, providing impetus for those in the Muslim community who will continue to play up the conspiracy theory. While cooler heads eventually prevailed within the Congress leadership, the idea that the party would entertain such outlandish claims proved once again that many party leaders are still wedded to the old identity politics. The seventy-nine year old Antulay was probably bewildered to find that his remarks, similar in vein to what he would have routinely made in the past to attack the BJP, created such a furor this time. End Comment. MULFORD
Monday, 29 June 2009, 05:53
S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 02 NEW DELHI 001337
NSC ANISH GOEL
EO 12958 DECL: 06/26/2019
TAGS PREL, PGOV, PTER, PK, AG, IN
SUBJECT: NSA JONES DISCUSSES U.S.-INDIA SECURITY
RELATIONSHIP AND PAKISTAN WITH DEFENSE MINISTER ANTONY
Classified By: Charge dâ€™Affaires Peter Burleigh for Reasons 1.4 (B, D)
Â¶1. (C) Summary. Meeting National Security Advisor James Jones on June 26, Defense Minister A.K. Antony stressed his support for moving beyond minor irritants and to a broad and expanded security relationship between India and the United States. Both Jones and Antony affirmed their commitment to building the U.S.-India mil-mil partnership as envisioned by President Obama and Prime Minister Singh. Antony stressed the importance India places on success in Afghanistan. Chief of Army Staff Deepak Kapoor told Jones about the continuing problem of infiltration from Pakistan and the need for India to be able to have confidence and trust in its western neighbor for effective dialogue to take place. End Summary.
Â¶2. (SBU) Participants:
NSA General (retired) James Jones CDA Peter Burleigh Senior Director Don Camp Senior Director John Tien Senior Advisor Sarah Farnsworth DATT Colonel Richard White Political Officer Sameer Sheth (notetaker)
Minister A.K. Antony Chief of Army Staff, General Deepak Kapoor Other Ministry of Defense Officials
Need to Move Beyond Minor Irritants
Â¶3. (C) After warmly welcoming Jones, Antony began by emphasizing the importance of expanding the quality and depth of the U.S.-India relationship. He stressed his desire to expand the bilateral military relationship despite minor irritants, and expressed his hope that Jonesâ€™ visit to India would further the relationship. Antony mentioned joint development and production, and technology transfers as meriting focus, adding that the Indians find U.S. technology transfer conditions too restrictive. Jones and Burleigh urged completion of the End-Use Monitoring agreement. Antony said it needed to be defensible to Parliament, musing that he himself is accountable to parliament and to Indiaâ€™s vibrant and multi-party democracy.
Â¶4. (C) Jones declared to Antony that he is very encouraged by the overall direction of the bilateral relationship, especially after having met Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who had expressed his optimism for U.S.-India relations. Jones told Antony the U.S. is in complete agreement with the Prime Ministerâ€™s vision, emphasizing that President Obama is also equally committed to strong ties between the two nations. â€œThere is real intent to follow the vision of our national leaders,â€ Jones noted. He assured Antony that the U.S. will be as flexible as possible within the confines of U.S. laws, Indian laws, and both our publics. We must do whatever we can to resolve the challenges that can potentially slow the relationship down, since these are sensitive times that require both nations to find ways to more closely cooperate.
Success in Afghanistan Critical
Â¶5. (C) Antony told Jones India has a stake in Afghanistan, reminding him that Indiaâ€™s borders before partition extended to Afghanistan. The Indian military is concerned by the situation in Afghanistan, Antony admitted, and stressed that the international communityâ€™s operations there must succeed because the India cannot imagine for a moment a Taliban takeover of its â€œextended neighbor.â€
Pakistan: Infiltration Continues/Trust Deficit Remains
Â¶6. (S) After the conversation moved to Pakistan, General Deepak Kapoor, Chief of Army Staff, interjected and told Jones the Pakistani militaryâ€™s statements regarding the Indian threat on its eastern border are wholly without merit. Even after the 11/26 terrorist strikes on Mumbai, he emphasized, India did not make any move of a threatening nature toward Pakistan. Kapoor alleged that there are 43 terrorist camps in Pakistan, 22 of which are located in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Although the Pakistanis raided some camps in the wake of 11/26, Kapoor averred, some camps have reinitiated operations. Kapoor further asserted infiltration across the Line of Control cannot occur unless there is some kind of assistance and/or degree of support that is institutional in nature. He described several incidents of infiltration that occurred this year, including that of 40 terrorists in March who were found possessing significant ammunition and other equipment. India is worried, Kapoor said, that some part of the huge U.S. military package to Pakistan will find its way to the hands of terrorists targeting India. Furthermore, if â€œwe can catch them (the infiltrators), why canâ€™t the Pakistani military?â€ Kapoor asked. â€œThereâ€™s a trust deficit between the U.S. and Pakistan but thereâ€™s also one between India and Pakistan,â€ he stressed.
Â¶7. (S) Jones asked Kapoor how the Pakistanis react when the Indians confront them with these incidents. Kapoor replied the Pakistanis remain in denial mode, but fortunately today Indiaâ€™s counter-infiltration posture is stronger than in the past. Asked about the percentage of infiltrators that get through, Kapoor estimated between 15 to 20 percent but cited the challenge posed by Indiaâ€™s open border with Nepal. He asserted that at least 16 terrorists this year entered India through Nepal and then traveled to Kashmir. Throughout his remarks, Kapoor stressed that infiltration bids were â€œacts of aggression.â€
Â¶8. (S) Jones queried Kapoor on prospects of upgrading Indo-Pak military talks to discuss these issues. Kapoor rhetorically asked whether there should not be a degree of confidence in Pakistan before such a dialogue can even begin. Antony interjected that unless there is some tangible follow-up action by Pakistan against the perpetrators of the 11/26 attacks, discussions with Pakistan will be difficult. Regarding terrorist camps in Pakistan, Jones told Antony and Kapoor that the U.S. will take up the issue with Pakistan.
Regional Problems Require Regional Solutions
Â¶9. (C) Jones suggested regional problems require regional solutions, underscoring the need for all of us to move forward on a broader strategy by building confidence and trust. The U.S.-India partnership is very important in this context. The worst thing for the region would be another 11/26-type attack, Jones stressed, and that we cannot let the terrorists play us off against each other. He concluded by underscoring President Obamaâ€™s desire to stimulate the bilateral relationship and the U.S. commitment to working as honestly as possible to share information with India on security matters.
Â¶10. (U) NSA Jones cleared this message. BURLEIGH
Thursday, December 9, 2010
S E C R E T NEW DELHI 000295
EO 12958 DECL: 10/01/2020
TAGS PREL, PTER, MOPS, IN, PK
SUBJECT: COLD START - A MIXTURE OF MYTH AND REALITY
REF: IIR 6 844 0101 10 (COLD START - A DAO PERSPECTIVE)
Classified By: Ambassador Tim Roemer. Reason: 1.4 (b,d).
¶1. (S/NF) Summary: The Indian Army’s “Cold Start Doctrine” is a mixture of myth and reality. It has neve
What It Is and What It Is Not
¶2. (S/NF) As we understand it, Cold Start is an operational plan devised by the Indian Army and designed
¶3. (S/NF) In order to avoid the Indian Army’s slow and lumbering military mobilization process and prese
¶4. (S/NF) A positive attribute of Cold Start from the Indian perspective is that the short 72-hour time
Prospects for Cold Start
¶5. (S/NF) As noted above, GOI intent to ever actually implement Cold Start is very much an open question
¶6. (S/NF) If the GOI were to implement Cold Start given present Indian military capabilities, it is the
¶7. (S/NF) Indian leaders no doubt realize that, although Cold Start is designed to punish Pakistan in a
¶8. (S/NF) We think that the November 2008 Pakistan-linked terror attack in Mumbai and its immediate afte